VOLUME 39 | ISSUE 1 | JANUARY-FEBRUARY 2019

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Quality of life among elderly residents in the Gaza Strip: a community-based study

Aymen Mohammed Elsous,ab Mahmoud Mohammed Radwan,c Ezat Ahmed Askari,a Ayman Mustafa Abu Mustafad

From the aFaculty of Health Professions, Israa University, Gaza Strip, State of Palestine; bUnit of Planning and Policy Formulation, Ministry of Health, Gaza Strip, State of Palestine; cPalestinian National Institute of Public Health, World Health Organization, Gaza Strip, State of Palestine; dCollege of Nursing, Ministry of Health, Gaza Strip, State of Palestine 

How to cite this article:

Elsous AM, Radwan MM, Askari EA, Abu Mustafa AM. Quality of life among elderly residents in the Gaza Strip: a community-based study. Ann Saudi Med 2019; 39(1): 1-7.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: In Palestine, persons older than 60 years of age comprise 4.6% of the population in this decade and will remain relatively stable until the year 2020, when it is expected to begin to rise. The quality of life (QoL), which reflects well-being and health status, is under-reported in this vulnerable group in the Gaza Strip. 

 

OBJECTIVE: Determine QoL and associated factors in persons aged older than 60 years. 

 

DESIGN: A community-based cross-sectional study.

 

SETTING: Five Gaza Strip governorates.

 

SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Subjects were selected by convenience sampling. We used the validated Arabic WHOQOL-BREF to assess QoL and used descriptive, univariate and multivariate methods to analyze the data.

 

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: QoL, overall satisfaction with health and factors associated with good QoL. 

 

SAMPLE SIZE: 235 community-dwelling elderly.

 

RESULTS: The response rate was 85.5% (201/235). Mean age (SD) was 69 (7.95) years old and females accounted for 57.7% (116/201) of the sample. Almost half (44.2%, 90/201) of the elderly scored in the category of good QoL. The mean (SD) for overall QoL and perceived satisfaction with health was 3.3 (1.1) and 3.4 (1.0), respectively, on a 5-point Likert scale. The social relationship domain had the highest QoL score (65.4 [15.3]), whereas physical and environmental domains received equally lower scores (60.5 [15.2] and 60.5 [12.5] respectively). Multivariate analysis showed that factors associated with good QoL were higher education (OR: 3.1, CI 95%: 1.03-9.4) and perceived high satisfaction with health (OR: 3.6, CI 95%: 1.8-7.3). 

 

CONCLUSION: More years of education and higher satisfaction with health were associated with a better perception of QoL. Interventions should be focused more on physical and environmental aspects in the life of elderly persons. 

 

LIMITATIONS: Cross-sectional design, use of convenience sample and some possibly important factors not studied.

 

CONFLICT OF INTEREST: None. 

 

 

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