VOLUME 38 | ISSUE 6 | NOVEMBER-DECEMBER 2018

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Factors associated with perceptions of child sexual abuse and lack of parental knowledge: a community-based cross-sectional study from the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia

Aidah Abdul-Aziz AlRammah,a Shaher Mesfer Alqahtani,a Ahmed Gasim Elzubair Babiker,b Suha Saleh Al-Saleh,a Wajid Syed,c Abdul Aziz Khalid Al-Mana,d Hend Homoud Al-shammarie

From the aDepartment of Family Medicine, Imam Abdulrahman Bin-Faisal National Guard Health Affairs, Dammam, Saudi Arabia; bDepartment of Family Medicine, National Guard Health Affairs, Al Ahsa, Saudi Arabia; cDepartment of Clinical Pharmacy, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; dDepartment of Medicine, Al Faisal University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia; eDepartment of Medicine, Al Khafji Joint Operations Hospital, Al Khafji, Saudi Arabia

How to cite this article:

Factors associated with perceptions of child sexual abuse and lack of parental knowledge: a community-based cross-sectional study from the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia. AlRammah AA, Alqahtani SM, Babiker AG, Al-Saleh SS, Syed W, Al-Mana AA, et al. Ann Saudi Med 2018; 38(6): 391-398.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Child sexual abuse (CSA) has serious consequences that can affect the physical, social and mental health of a child. In the last two decades, concern about CSA has increased around the world including Saudi Arabia.

 

OBJECTIVE: Evaluate factors associated with parental perceptions and knowledge of CSA.

 

DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey.

 

SETTINGS: Primary health care clinic.

 

SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Simple random sampling was used to select participants. The main tool for data collection was a self-administered questionnaire.

 

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Factors associated with knowledge and perceptions of CSA.

 

SAMPLE SIZE: 400.

 

RESULTS: Most respondents (69%) had good knowledge of the signs of sexual abuse in children. For perception scores, statistically significant variables were age (P=.004), educational level (P=.005), income (P<.001), number of wives (P=.004), number of male children (P=.021), and number of female children (P=.027). For knowledge scores, statistically significant variables were income (P=.008), number of wives (P<.005), number of male children (P=.003) and number of female chil.dren (P<.003). Logistic regression showed that the older age group was significantly associated with a good perception score (P<.046).

 

CONCLUSIONS: Risk factors for parental lack of knowledge and poor perception associated with CSA are poverty and low education. Protective factors included the older parent age, size of the family and families with more than one wife. Education should be designed for parents and the community to increase the knowledge and perception of CSA.

 

LIMITATIONS: Single-center study and short study period.

 

CONFLICT OF INTEREST: None.

 

 

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