VOLUME 37 | ISSUE 5 | SEPTEMBER-OCTOBER 2017

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Validation of the Arabic version of the score for allergic rhinitis tool

Sami Alharethy,a Mawaheb Al Wedami,b Falah Syouri,b Almaha A. Alqabbani,c Abdulsalam Baqays,b Tamer Mesallam,d Turki Aldrees

From the aDepartment of ENT, King Saud University, bOtolaryngology, Head and Neck Department, King Abdulaziz University Hospital, cDepartment of Otolaryngology, King Fahad Medical City, dDepartment of Otolaryngology, King Saud University, and eMedical College, Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University, Alkharj, Saudi Arabia 

How to cite this article:

Alharethy S, Al Wedami M, Syouri F, Alqabbani AA, Baqays A, Mesallam T, Aldrees T. Validation of the Arabic version of the score for allergic rhinitis tool. Ann Saudi Med 2017; 37(5): 357-361 

DOI: 10.5144/0256-4947.2017.357

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a common inflammation of the nasal mucosa in response to allergen exposure. We translated and validated the Score for Allergic Rhinitis (SFAR) into an Arabic version so that the disease can be studied in an Arabic population. 

 

OBJECTIVES: SFAR is a non-invasive self-administered tool that evaluates eight items related to AR. This study aimed to translate and culturally adapt the SFAR questionnaire into Arabic, and assess the validity, consistency, and reliability of the translated version in an Arabic-speaking population of patients with suspected AR. 

 

STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. 

 

SETTING: Tertiary care hospital in Riyadh. 

 

PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: The Arabic version of the SFAR was administered to patients with suspected AR and control participants. 

 

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Comparison of the AR and control groups to determine the test-retest reliability and internal consistency of the instrument. 

 

RESULTS: The AR (n=173) and control (n=75) groups had significantly different Arabic SFAR scores (P<.0001). The instrument provided satisfactory internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha value of 0.7). The test-retest reliability was excellent for the total Arabic SFAR score (r =0.836, P<.0001). 

 

CONCLUSION: These findings demonstrate that the Arabic version of the SFAR is a valid tool that can be used to screen Arabic speakers with suspected AR. 

 

LIMITATIONS: The absence of objective allergy testing 

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