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Clinical characteristics and outcomes of critically ill obstetric patients: a ten-year review Abdulaziz Aldawood

Abdulaziz Aldawood 

From the King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Science, Deputy Chairman of the Intensive Care Unit, Consultant for Intensive Care and Pulmonary Medicine, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia 



How to cite this article:

Aldawood A. Ann Saudi Med 2011; 31(5): 518-522 


PMID: 21911991

DOI: 10.4103/0256-4947.84631


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Pregnancy and delivery can involve complications that necessitate admission to critical care facilities. The objective of our study was to assess the incidence, indications, and outcomes of obstetric patients requiring admission to an intensive care unit (ICU) in a tertiary care hospital, in Saudi Arabia. 


DESIGN AND SETTING: Retrospective cohort study of consecutive obstetric admissions to the ICU at the King Abdulaziz Medical City over a 10-year period.


PATIENTS AND METHODS: We collected baseline demographic data and acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II) scores. ICU mortality was the primary outcome.


RESULTS: Over 10 years, 75 obstetric patients were admitted to the ICU, and 59 of these patients (78.6%) were admitted during the antepartum period. The main obstetric indication for ICU admission was pregnancy-induced hypertension (21 patients, 28%) and the leading non-obstetric indication was sepsis (12 patients, 16%). The APACHE II score was 19.59 (15.05). The predicted mortality rate based on the APACHE II score was 21.97%; however, there were only six maternal deaths (8%) among the obstetric patients admitted to the ICU.


CONCLUSION: The overall mortality was low. A team approach facilitated the application of optimal care to these patients. Obstetric patients had better outcomes than those predicted by the APACHE II scores. Appropriate antenatal care is important for preventing obstetric complications. 


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